Fifty List of The World's Geniuses People

A person's intelligence is generally in view of IQ scores. When in fact between intelligence and IQ are fundamental differences. Intelligence is the ability to act in a focused, think rationally, and deal effectively environment. Broadly speaking, it can be concluded that intelligence is a process that involves the mental ability to think rationally. Therefore, intelligence can not be observed directly, but must be inferred from a variety of real action which is a manifestation of the process of rational thinking.

Meanwhile IQ or Intelligence Quotient, is a score derived from a test of intelligence. Thus, IQ only give little indication of a person's intelligence level and does not reflect a person's overall intelligence. IQ scores initially calculated by comparing mental age (Mental Age) with chronological age (Chronological Age).

When the individual's ability to solve the problems presented in the intelligence test (mental age) is equal to the capabilities that should be present in individuals of his age at the time (chronological age), it will obtain a score of 1. Score is then multiplied by 100 and used as the basis for calculating IQ. But then the problem arises because once the brain reaches maturity, the development does not happen again, even at some point there will be a decreased ability.

Then in 1904, Alfred Binet and Theodor Simon, a French psychologist 2 designing an evaluation tool that can be used to identify students who need special classes (children who are less intelligent). The test tool called the Binet-Simon test. The test is then revised in 1911.

In 1916, Lewis Terman, a psychologist from the United States held a lot of improvement from the Binet-Simon test. Its main contribution is to set numerical index that states intelligence as a ratio (ratio) between mental age and chronological age. This improvement is called Test results Stanford_Binet. Such index has actually introduced by a German psychologist named William Stern, who became known as the Intelligence Quotient or IQ. Stanford-Binet test is widely used to measure the intelligence of children up to the age of 13 years.

One reaction to the Binet-Simon test or the Stanford-Binet test is that the test was too general. A leader in this field, Charles Sperrman argued that intelligence is not only made up of only one common factor (general factor), but also consists of factors that are more specific. This theory is called the theory of factor (Factor Theory of Intelligence). The assays were developed according to the theory of these factors is the WAIS (Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale) for adults, and WISC (Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children) for child-side. Di test tools above, many assays developed with the goal More specifically, in accordance with the objectives and culture where the assay was made.

Have you find out how your IQ score? Please try and compare the results with the following list, the list of people with high IQ scores.

The following is a list of people with the highest IQ, namely:

1. Physicists Kim Ung-yong : 210
2. Bouncer Christopher Michael Langan : 195
3. Engineer Philip Emeagwali : 190
4. World Chess Champion Garry Kasparov : 190
5. Sir Isaac Newton : 190
6. Francois-Marie Arouet (Voltaire)
7. Ludwig Wittgenstein
8. Author Marilyn Vos Savant : 186
9. Leonardo da Vinci
10. Actor James Woods : 180
11. Buonarroti Michelangelo
12. David Hume
13. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu : 180
14. Politician John H. Sununu : 180
15. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe : 179
16. Emanuel Swedenborg
17. Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz
18. Edmund Spenser : 175
19. Baruch Spinoza
20. Johannes Kepler
21. John Stuart Mill : 174
22. Blaise Pascal : 171
23. Antoine Lavoisier : 170
24. Martin Luther
25. World Chess Champion Bobby Fischer : 170
26. Chess Grandmaster Robert Byrne
27. World Chess Champion Judith Polgar
28. Mathematician Andrew Wiles : 170
29. Michael Faraday
30. George Friedrich Handel
31. Mathematician / Physicist Stephen W. Hawking : 167
32. Samuel Johnson : 165
33. Ludwig van Beethoven
34. Joseph Priestley
35. John Locke
36. Thomas Hobbes
37. Charlotte Bronte
38. Galileo Galilei
39. Johann Sebastian Bach
40. Carl von Linne
41. Madame De Stael : 162
42. Rene Descartes
43. Robert Boyle : 160
44. Microsoft Founder Paul Allen : 160
45. Benjamin Franklin
46. Albert Einstein
47. Immanuel Kant : 159
48. Olof Palme : 156
49. Thomas Chatterton
50. Linus Carl Pauling

Other names of the famous Rembrandt van Rijn (154), Artis Actress Sharon Stone (154), Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (154), Charles Darwin (153), Nicolaus Copernicus (150), Abraham Lincoln (150), Napoleon Bonaparte (145).

Unfortunately, the above list does not include any figures / scientists from the Islamic world. Everything that can not be separated from the development of the concept of intelligence is indeed pengukuran2 of the western world. If the same test is run equally well on all scientists / leaders, I am confident will appear in the top of one of the Islamic world.