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Schindler's list

Oskar Schindler was a businessman known for his efforts to save his Jewish workers from the Holocaust. He saved up to 1,200 Jews by having them work in munitions factories in the area that is now the territory of Poland. Schindler deliberately produce bad ammunition in an attempt to harm the German military in the war.

Schindler was born (28 April 1908) in Zwittau (now Svitavy), Bohemia (then part of Austria-Hungary, now the Czech Republic), in a family of wealthy businessmen. Malaise family suffered in the 1930s and Schindler joined the Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei. His father, Hans, and his mother, Louisa, divorced when 27-year-old Oskar, who led his father's hatred of self. Oskar has a younger sister who is seven years younger than, Elfriede. He was very close to his brother's.

As an amateur and opportunistic businessman, Schindler was one of the many others who seek to profit from the new region after the German invasion of Poland in 1939. Schindler factory to buy a very cheap price in Kraków, which he named Deutsche Emaillewaren-Fabrik, which produces goods email. She also received 1,300 Jewish slave laborers to work in the factory with the help of his accountant, a Jew, who was named Itzhak Stern. Some people say that he, at least, first of all, motivated only by money - hiding wealthy Jewish investors, for example - but later he began to more actively protect their workers. For example, it would be claimed that its workers who do not have real skills are very important for the manufacturer, and if they are harmed, then Oskar will file a complaint and seek redress from the government. It is now known that Schindler was an Abwehr agent.

As a witness to the 1942 raid on the Kraków Ghetto, when the Nazi soldiers to move the residents of the ghetto to the concentration camp at Plaszow, Schindler shocked by the murder of many Jews tried to hide in their homes. Schindler was a brilliant and diplomatically, and after the attack that he was getting ready to use all his skills to save his Schindlerjuden (Jews belonging Schindler). He arranged with Amon Goth, the commander of Plaszow, so that 900 Jews were moved to a nearby mill complex and there they would be relatively safe from the threat of the German guards. Schindler was arrested twice on suspicion of conspiracy, but on both occasions he managed to escape from prison. Schindler will usually offer bribes to government officials in order to avoid investigation. When the Red Army approached threatens to liberate concentration camps the Germans, almost everything was destroyed, and most of the prisoners sentenced to death. But Schindler managed to move about 1,200 people "trade" to a factory in Brünnlitz (Brněnec) in the Sudetenland in October 1944. When the shipment factory workers mistakenly sent to Auschwitz, he managed to ask them returned to him. Brünnlitz released in May 1945.

At the end of World War Schindler emigrated to Argentina. He went bankrupt and returned to Germany in 1958 and made a number of failed business ventures. Oskar Schindler died in Hildesheim, Germany, on October 9, 1974, at the age of 66 years. (Film Schindler's List stated that he died in Frankfurt - probably because it was more famous.)

Schindler honored at the Yad Vashem memorial to the Holocaust in Israel as one of the Right People at the United Nations and was buried in a Christian cemetery (Roman Catholic) on Mount Zion in Jerusalem. He was given the honor to plant a tree in the Avenue of the Righteous (The Way of the Right).

Schindler story, retold by Poldek Pfefferberg, a survivor of the Holocaust, became the basis for the book Tom Keneally, Schindler's Ark (the novel was later renamed Schindler's List), which was later adapted into the film Schindler's List in 1993. In this film, he is played by Liam Neeson.

See also:
Fifty List of The World's Geniuses People
The other side of Fergie (Sir Alex Ferguson)

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